Sam’s Dream is About to Come True! (Kind of)

 
Antisocialdarwinist
 
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Antisocialdarwinist
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22 December 2017 08:33
 

It might not be science determining human values, not quite, but I think AlphaZero comes pretty close. The same AI which learned to play Go well enough to beat the world champion (a first for AI) has now “taught itself chess, then beat a grandmaster with moves never devised in the game’s 1,500-year history”—in four hours.

The Brits want to use the algorithm—which learns on its own without human input—to help diagnose cancer patients and possibly even make decisions about treatment:

But the insertion of a super-intelligent AI into NHS decision-making procedures brings an infinitely more worrying concern.

It is an open secret that the NHS effectively rations access to care — through waiting lists, bed numbers and limiting availability of drugs and treatments — as it will never have enough funds to give everyone the service they need.

The harsh reality is that some deserving people lose out.

The harsher alternative is to be coldly rational by deciding who and who not to treat. It would be most cost-effective to exterminate terminally ill or even chronically ill patients, or sickly children. Those funds would be better spent on patients who might be returned to health — and to productive, tax-paying lives.

This is, of course, an approach too repugnant for civilised societies to contemplate. But decision-making AIs such as AlphaZero don’t use compassionate human logic because it gets in the way. (The ‘Zero’ in that program’s name indicates it needs no human input.)

The same sort of computer mind that can conjure up new chess moves might easily decide that the most efficient way to streamline the health service would be to get rid of the vulnerable and needy.

Another similar algorithm “developed in America for probation services to predict the risk of parole-seekers reoffending was recently discovered to have quickly become unfairly racially biased.” Unfairly? Because bias caused it to make inaccurate predictions? Or because profiling is unfair for philosophical reasons having nothing to do with predictive accuracy?

It’s time for our justice system to embrace artificial intelligence

Professionals in the criminal justice system have a seemingly impossible task. They must weigh the probability that a criminal defendant will show up to trial, whether they are guilty, what the sentence should be, whether parole is deserved and what type of probation ought to be imposed. These decisions require immense wisdom, analytical prowess, and evenhandedness to get right. The rulings handed down will change the course of individuals’ lives permanently.

But human judgment brings humans failings. Not only are there racial disparities in the sentencing process, but research suggests that extraneous factors like how recently a parole board member ate lunch or how the local college football team is doing can have significant effects on the outcome of a decision. It may be that the tasks we ask judges and parole boards to carry out are simply too difficult for internal human calculus.

While humans rely on inherently biased personal experience to guide their judgments, empirically grounded questions of predictive risk analysis play to the strengths of machine learning, automated reasoning and other forms of AI. One machine-learning policy simulation concluded that such programs could be used to cut crime up to 24.8 percent with no change in jailing rates, or reduce jail populations by up to 42 percent with no increase in crime rates. Importantly, these gains can be made across the board, including for Hispanics and African-Americans.

AlphaZero for president!

 
 
Antisocialdarwinist
 
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Antisocialdarwinist
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22 December 2017 08:37
 

Or better yet, AlphaZero for God.

 
 
EN
 
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EN
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22 December 2017 08:40
 

As long as we don’t get rid of lawyers, I’m good with it.

 
Cheshire Cat
 
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Cheshire Cat
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22 December 2017 11:59
 

I’ve been wondering lately, what would happen if some powerful AI gained power over we humans on a global scale; what decisions would it make?

If it was programmed to value sentient life and to see the logic of ecosystems surviving and thriving for the global survival of all beings, wouldn’t it eventually have to come to the conclusion that there were too many human beings on this planet?

Wouldn’t it conclude that a drastic reduction in human beings would be the main solution for stopping global warming and preserving the web of life?

Isn’t this the ultimate fear we have of an AI? That once created, the monster escapes the laboratory, then concludes it’s creator is a detriment and should be eliminated or limited?

Mary Shelley’s tale might be prescient.

 
 
GAD
 
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GAD
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22 December 2017 16:41
 

Sounds good to me. If nothing else we’ll get some good scifi out of fighting the machines because they don’t understand that being bad is good.

 
 
Cheshire Cat
 
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22 December 2017 18:10
 
GAD - 22 December 2017 04:41 PM

Sounds good to me. If nothing else we’ll get some good scifi out of fighting the machines because they don’t understand that being bad is good.

I doubt if there would be any machines to fight.

All it would take is a genetically engineered fatal virus that targets humans only. If the virus had a long dormancy period, and could live in a human body for months or years before becoming active, that would do the trick. It could be spread around the world before people even knew it was there. The AI would have to develop a vaccine to inoculate the human beings that it might need to sustain it, or perhaps it wouldn’t want to kill us off completely, just reduce our numbers drastically.

I’m thinking of something along the lines of Terry Gilliam’s movie, “12 Monkeys.”

 
 
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22 December 2017 21:37
 

I am all for AI, and am not afraid of intellectual / rational competition.