We sometimes like to think of ‘physics’ as settled; it is in the realms of philosophy, history, economics, cultural studies, weather-forecasting and such, where there are ‘controversies’. Physics moves steadily along, from one of point of consensus to another, based on experimentation. Not so much, as physicist Adam Becker discusses in a recent podcast.
In October 1927, in Brussels, many of possibly the smartest people in the 20th century ((E. Schrödinger, W. Pauli, W. Heisenberg, P. Dirac, L. de Broglie, M. Born, N. Bohr, M. Planck, M. Curie, H.A. Lorentz, A. Einstein, and others) met to resolve certain differences that were emerging based on different interpretations of a new field, now known as quantum mechanics. They didn’t succeed (in resolving the differences). The so-called “Copenhagen Interpretation”, while prevalent is not settled. Becker summarizes the history of the scientific discussion of this topic and its implications.
Becker’s book: https://amzn.to/2k8BcGy
book mentioned on podcast on the influence of culture on science and vice versa in the Romantic era; https://amzn.to/2ka79yc